Guided tour of the UNDERGROUNDS OF THE CELIAN HILL

San Clemente Underground Church and Mithreum and the Roman Houses under Santi Giovanni e Paolo on the Celio. Walking Tour.

Individuals (up to 10): € 210,00 plus entrance tickets adult € 15,00; reduced € 9,00.

Groups minimum 11 people: € 47,00 per person entrance tickets included; reduced € 39,00.

Operating Days: every day except Tuesday and Wednesday at 9,00 AM and 3,00 PM; Sunday at 10,00 AM or 2 PM. OPEN TOUR THURSDAY 3 PM.

The Basilica of San Clemente in Rome is one of the most fascinating sites of the eternal city: with its three layers, built one on top of the other, it reflects the historical stratification of Rome from the Ancient Roman times till nowdays. The XII century church, restored many times till the modern age, the early Christian Basilica that was discovered and excavated in XIX cent and which still preserves the middle-age frescoes, and beneath this the I century pagan Mithraeum in which the persian god Mithra sacrified the holy bowl. The visit will start in one of the lesser known but very suggestive places of the city, the Clivio Scauro which is characterized by the façades of ancient roman insulae and by the medieval arcades that support the Clivio. We will visit then the subterranean of the basilica church of SS. Giovanni e Paolo, otherwise known as the Roman houses in the Celio: a church of inestimable archaeological value with very important frescoes and stuccoes which are well preserved and that testify the path from the roman paganism to the cult of the Christian martyrs with some suggestive mixes of symbols and allegories. We will continue to the imposing basement of the temple of divo Claudio, by the remaining piece of the monumental front constituted by two marble arcades laid one on top of the other, lately modified by the emperor Nerone for the decoration of his Domus Aurea. We willl visit also the Basilica of San Clemente that with its three level, two of them are underground, where we can touch the millenary stratifications of the area from the Roman time to the present days through the important architectural and pictorial testimonies: the Mithreum, the early Christian baptistery, the royal mint and the first statement of the newly born Italian language.